Dubrovnik is a historic Croatian medieval city. Today, Dubrovnik is one of the world's most visited tourist destinations.
Dubrovnik is ancient and historic city situated in the south of the Croatian coast. From 1979, the city of Dubrovnik is added on to UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Dubrovnik is most visited destination on the Adriatic and one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. City now has about 45 000 inhabitants. Omis is about 200 kilometers distant from Dubrovnik.
Archeologists belive that Dubrovnik was established in the 7th or 8th century AD, but recent archeological research shows that once there was a major settlement in the area of present Dubrovnik from the Greek period. Dubrovnik was most fameous in the 15th and 16th century during the Republic of Dubrovnik. In this period, along with famous city-state Venice, Dubrovnik was the largest city on the Mediterranean sea.
The beginning of tourism in Dubrovnik is often associated with the construction of luxury hotels in Croatia in the late 19th century. Almost the entire old part of Dubrovnik, which is surrounded by walls, is the great monument. Although only a few monuments from the time of the Dubrovnik Renaissance survived the terrible earthquake that devastated Dubrovnik in 1667., thankfully enough of them who survived are witnesses of the monumental city of Dubrovnik. Important monuments that must be seen in Dubrovnik are:
- Sponza Palace from the 16th century. Building is currently the National Archive.
- The Rector's Palace from the 15th century. Beautiful Gothic-Renaissance building.
Now is one of the city's museum.
- The St. Saviour Church, a beautiful remnant of the Renaissance period from 16th century.
- St Blaise's church which is built in the 18th century in honour of Dubrovnik's patron saint.
- The old city walls that runs for more than 2 kilometers.