Trogir - one of the most beautiful medieval cities in Europe.
Trogir is an ancient Croatian city and port. It is located in the central Dalmatia. City is situated about 25 kilometers north east of Split and approximately 40 kilometers north east of the Omis. About 20 000 inhabitans lives in Trogir now. The old city of Trogir is located on a small island between the island of Solta and mainland. To there it can be reached by car. From 1997, the historic centre of Trogir is joined to UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Earliest mentions of Trogir is from the 3rd century BC. City of Trogir was founded by the Greek colonists from the Greek colony Issa, todays island of Vis. Trogir was probably named after the Greek word Tragos. Tragos in Greek means the goat. Trogir was very important port prior the Roman period. In Roman period Trogir loses its importance due to growing influence of city Salona (todays Solin near Split). Salona was huge city with more than 60 000 residents. Trogir gains back most of its importance after the fall of city Salona during the migration of Slavs in the 7th century AD.
Trogir is the one of the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Croatia and Adriatic, but in all of the Central Europe. Trogir's medieval city core, surrounded by great walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Renaissance, Baroque and Gothic periods. Trogir's grandest building is the catholic church of St. Lawrence. Main, west portal of the church is truly a masterpiece by artist Radovan, and it is the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia. The main sights that must be seen in Trogir are:
- Historical city core, with more than 10 churches and numerous buildings from 13th century
- The Duke's Palace from the 13th century
- Beautiful Chatedral (13th century) with the Portal of Croatian artist Master Radovan - The city gate from the 17th century and city walls from the 15th century
- The Fortress Kamerlengo from the 15th century
- The Cipiko palaces from the 15th century
- The city loggia from 15th century